How to choose the suitable ceiling covering type with the best and popular types of ceiling coverings 2018, Armstrong ceiling, plasterboard ceiling coves, Ceiling coating from plaster, Suspended (rack) ceiling covering, Foamed plastic ceiling, ceiling tile, Stretched ceiling and Ceiling wallpaper 2018
You also may like to read: Latest gypsum board false ceiling design ideas for 2018
Don't miss: Modern office ceiling designs for 2018
A lot of designs, styles, and directions in the interior dictate their own rules. The moderate Scandinavian style is best suited for a simple monophonic stretch ceiling, in the classical version, you can not do without pretentious forms of multi-level gypsum plasterboard ceilings. The construction market is not far behind and offers more and more new solutions for finishing ceilings. In the article, we will consider types of ceiling coverings.
You also may like to read: Latest gypsum board false ceiling design ideas for 2018
Armstrong ceiling designs and covering
Armstrong is a good solution for finishing ceilings in public places: shops, schools, offices or hospitals. It is a suspended cassette ceiling. Armstrong is only a manufacturing company but has appeared on the construction market as one of the first, eventually became the common name for all such designs.
Armstrong ceiling is made in the form of a lattice with identical cells of the T-shaped aluminum profile. On the perimeter of the wall, it is attached to the load-bearing slats, mounted on the dowel-nails. In the area of the ceiling, the design is supported by suspensions.
Large institutions choose this system of ceiling coating because it is the cheapest, while it looks good and performs many functions. But the price strongly depends on the manufacturer, so cheap Chinese analog can be bought from 200rub / m2, but for the original Armstrong will have to pay more than 1000rub / m2
To this price it is still necessary to add the cost of installation, which consists of a number of parameters:
- installation of the frame
- laying of thermal insulation
- the device of a vapor barrier layer
- electrical wiring and fixtures
- fixing the ceiling slabs to the frame
Advantages and disadvantages of the Armstrong ceiling system
Simple and quick installation of the entire ceiling, which does not require cleaning the room and take the furniture out. There is almost no debris in the works.
Beautiful and comfortable, it will look harmonious in modern design and hide the rough ceiling with all communications.
It does not require attention during operation. And if necessary, repair is quickly disassembled without damage and will be suitable for re-installation.
The design is very light and durable, allowing additional noise and thermal insulation of the ceiling.
The disadvantages are :
its low resistance to mechanical damage. It is easy to damage if you throw something up;
when submerged from above, the plates come into disrepair, and replacement is required.
Plasterboard ceiling covering 2018:
We recently shared an article on gypsum board ceiling design ideas, don't miss it.
Today this is the most popular ceiling covering. In most cases, it is used for finishing ceilings in apartments and private houses. It is eco-friendly, vapor-permeable and allows you to create not only perfectly smooth surfaces but also the bizarre shapes that modern interior design dictates.
This way of arranging the ceiling is so popular that on the Internet there are many articles and videos about how to do it yourself.
Advantages and disadvantages of gypsum and plasterboard covering:
The work on its installation can be done independently. This will require two physically strong people since even a thinner ceiling GCR weighs a lot. But the lack of the need to pay for the work of installers will save the family budget significantly.
Many opponents of the modern stretch ceilings of their PVC films choose gypsum board due to its ecological compatibility and vapor permeable properties, without creating a "thermos" effect. The plasterboard itself consists of a solid but fragile gypsum mass, glued on both sides with cardboard. Therefore, in itself, it already serves as additional noise insulation protection.
The cardboard with which the gypsum is bonded, depending on the class, has different impregnations that make it either water resistant or fireproof. This feature makes it more widely possible to use it.
It is ideal for indoors, with large differences in altitude on the ceiling, which cannot be plastered.
The finished ceiling can be covered with wallpaper, decorated with decorative plaster or painted in any color or even draw a picture.
Now about the disadvantages:
Mounting gypsum board to the ceiling is quite difficult because it is heavy, which must be carried until all screws are screwed.
It will require further puttying and sizing of the reinforcing tape of all joints and finishing plaster of the entire ceiling area, which is also quite difficult to do on the ceiling without the appropriate experience. All this will take a lot of time and will leave a lot of garbage after yourself.
If the technology of plastering ceilings from the GKL is not observed, the probability of cracks appearing over time is high.
Don't miss: Modern office ceiling designs for 2018
Ceiling coating covering from plaster
Advantages and disadvantages of ceiling plastering
Despite all the advertised cheapness of modern ceilings, plaster is the cheapest way. It is enough to buy only a primer and a mixture, without spending money on frames and other materials.
Inexpensive plastering of the ceiling coverings will be only in the case of independent work. When hiring a painter, its cost will be comparable or even higher than suspended structures. And much more expensive than stretch PVC ceiling.
The application of plaster is possible only on surfaces whose elevations are not more than 3-5 cm. Otherwise, over time, the plaster may begin to fall off under its weight. And this is a direct threat to health and even human life.
Working with it will require experience. And if on the walls with the help of lighthouses even a novice can cope, the ceiling can only be installed a by professional.
As a rule, the ceiling after plastering is prepared for further painting or whitewashing, in both cases, all irregularities that were allowed during work will be noticeable.
Suspended (rack) ceiling covering
The popularity of suspended ceilings is their excellent performance and technical characteristics. They are in demand when decorating ceilings in apartments and public premises. In addition, suitable for use not only indoors, but also outside.
Advantages and disadvantages of Suspended (rack) ceiling covering
Versatility. As already mentioned above, due to their characteristics, rack suspended ceilings can be installed in shops, apartments, warehouses or cottages where there is no heating in winter. The size of the room also does not matter, the frame can be assembled absolutely for any area.
The installation system is so perfect that all the details are provided. The work on its installation will not take much time even for the person who first encountered such a task. And at the end of the room will be clean. And importantly, you do not need any special tools, enough roulette, screwdriver, level and clerical knife.
Long service life. This is due to the fact that made of metal slats and covered with a protective compound will not break from the impact and will not spoil from the possible moisture.
The frame itself is also made of a metal profile, which means that the whole system is fireproof and does not ignite.
Easy to care for, environmentally friendly and not allergic. If necessary, it can be disinfected and washed with household cleaners. It is not susceptible to mold formation, which is very important in damp areas. This is the recommended ceiling cover for the kitchen.
The height of the ceiling will be reduced by at least 10 cm.
The special feature of the installation of the rack ceiling is the consequent fastening of all the strips. Therefore, during repair it is necessary to disassemble all the ceiling cover completely, starting from the wall on which the finishing strip is fixed.
The cost. Due to the use in the manufacture of metal, the price of a ragged suspended ceiling is more expensive than plastic coatings. But considering all its merits and features, it is objective.
Foamed plastic ceiling coverings
Over the years, a variety of foam ceiling tiles is growing, in order to catch up with the demanding preferences of customers. In the sale began to appear not only color models, but also with a glossy surface.
Advantages and disadvantages of a ceiling coating of foam plastic
Price, of course, is its main advantage. It is she who plays a key role when the consumer wants to make cheap repairs on their own in a short time.
It has a lightweight and small dimensions, which allows it to be transported even in the hands. And it's convenient if you do not want to pay for transportation for delivery.
It is easily glued to the ceiling, holds securely, and if necessary, it will not be difficult to quickly dismantle it or replace a separate tile.
Can be glued to different surfaces and does not affect the height of the ceiling.
The disadvantages are that the tile can get dirty, dust settles on its surface. Also, it is not suitable for use in humid rooms or in temperature differences, as it can deform and become unstuck. It will not hide the wiring, but when burning, it emits toxic substances that strongly affect human health or lead to strangulation. Therefore, it is prohibited for use in public places.
Variety of ceiling tiles covering
Pressed ceiling tiles:
On sale, it is only white but suitable for self-coloring. Produced by pressing the foam blanks to a thickness of 6 mm, the price of this ceiling coating is 20-30 rubles per square meter.
More durable option, as in the production process is subjected to high-temperature processing. It is more convenient to work with it since the slabs are easier to cut and do not crumble. The tile itself has a clear shape with a more relief pattern than the pressed one. The thickness of the product is of the order of 10-15 mm, and the price is 50 - 100 rubles per square meter.
Extruded ceiling tiles for covering
The most reliable and strong of all types, despite the fact that its thickness does not exceed 3 mm. When making polystyrene strip immediately covered with paint or a special color film, and then pressed. Variation design is very much, from a one-color staining to imitation wood, stone or any other finishing material. Outwardly, it is very easy to distinguish it from its counterparts - on a smooth shiny surface. With all these advantages, its price is only 30-50 rubles per square meter.
Laminated ceiling tiles
In contrast to the usual, it has a protective laminated layer on the front side. This allows you to protect it from fading and also increases moisture resistance and impact resistance. For cleaning, you can use a dishwashing detergent without abrasive particles that can scratch it.
Seamless ceiling tile:
Its edges do not have a relief and edging. Therefore, when they are labeled, they form a single pattern with patterns.
Mirror ceiling tiles:
Unlike previous models, it is made of plastic rather than plastic. On the front side, a very thin mirror layer is applied, which in no way affects the weight of the product. It is produced in the form of squares or rectangles. It is especially good in small rooms, allowing you to visually enlarge the space and make it lighter.
Choosing the right ceiling tile for covering your ceiling:
When the only principle is a low price, then the choice should be stopped on the pressed tile. If desired, it can be painted with water-based paint. Ceiling from pressed foam is suitable only for rooms.
To create a single seamless surface of the ceiling, infectious foam plastic tiles are suitable. Thanks to perfectly smooth edges, its joints are almost invisible, and the relief deep drawing will help to connect the whole picture in addition. It also lends itself to painting. But for such a ceiling you will have to pay three times as much.
Extruded tiles will be an excellent solution for a ceiling cover for a bathroom, a bathroom or a kitchen. In addition to having good moisture resistance, it is easy to wash.
Stretched ceiling coverings:
The most popular application of stretched ceiling is 3D ceiling designs, don't miss it
These modern ceiling coverings are divided into two main types: fabric and PVC film.
If you choose from these two options, then the ceiling from the film will be cheaper. But when compared with other types of ceiling coverings, its cost will be higher.
PVC ceiling has a roll width of only 3.5 meters, but this is not an obstacle for using it in large rooms. If necessary, the webs are connected by a welded seam, which is invisible and durable. The tests carried out showed that the place of the seam by strength is not inferior to the whole canvas.
In contrast, the fabric stretch ceiling has no seams, so it is also called seamless. True, its use is limited by the width of the roll, which is 5 m. But, as a rule, this size is enough for typical city apartments.
There is a misconception that the fabric ceiling is more ecological and is made of natural matter. In fact, it is made of polyester raw materials with polyurethane impregnation.
For any type of stretch ceiling perimeter, baguettes are mounted at a distance of 3-4 cm from the rough ceiling. But today on sale there are special profiles that allow you to indent from the wall only 1-1,5 cm.
When a fabric ceiling covering is used, special equipment is not required, while a PVC gun requires a heat gun that heats its surface to 70-80 ° C. It is often recommended to close windows and remove plastic utensils, but this is not necessary. The gun is capable of purposefully heating only the cloth itself, and the heat will be felt only a few centimeters from its surface. The only advice that professionals give is to temporarily remove houseplants that may wilt.
Advantages of stretch ceiling covering
Regardless of the type, the main advantage is the perfectly smooth surface of the ceiling, which is very difficult to achieve when plastering. This is especially noticeable when using a glossy material.
Aesthetic appearance. In the modern design of rooms, ceilings are assigned a big role. Stretch ceiling allows you to embody all the ideas: multi-level structures with bends. Complex lighting systems, involving a large number of wires, easily hide in the inter-ceiling space. In addition, PVC films themselves are already with decorative prints in the form of leather, marble or wood. On this parameter, the fabric ceiling loses greatly, since it has no more than 10 color solutions and looks like a plastered surface.
Quick installation. A team of professionals will need no more than 3 hours to make a ceiling in the room.
Prolonged operation. As a rule, manufacturers establish a warranty service life of 10 years, but in fact, the suspended ceiling will last for 50 years without repair and any care for it.
Water resistance. This is appreciated by tenants of apartment buildings and the last floors. Usually, when flooding from above, you have to do repairs, because of not only the ceiling suffers, but also the walls, and sometimes the floors. If the suspended ceiling is mounted, it is able to withstand the enormous weight of water, not allowing it to enter the room. At the same PVC, the ceiling is stretched to the desired size, it will be enough to drain the water and pull the cloth again. But the tissue analog will have to be thrown out.
Heat and sound insulation qualities. This is made possible by the formation of an air space between the draft ceiling and the tension ceiling.
Inability to form condensation. The stretchable fabric is so thin that even in a damp room it has a similar temperature surrounding it.
Ceiling wallpaper coverings:
Embossed wallpaper. This is a Russian wallpaper for the ceiling, which is sold in conventional rolls with a width of about 50 cm. They have only white color and are not suitable for staining. But the choice of textures is very large. In turn, it not only adorns the surface of the ceiling but also allows you to hide its small defects. When using such a ceiling coating there is no debris left, but the first day the room should be protected from drafts so that the wallpaper does not come unstuck.
Foreign analogs are more often called wallpaper for painting. They are available in different thicknesses and different densities. Their main advantage is the ability to paint in any color. If it is waterproof paint, then the ceiling can also be washed. The quality of this product allows you to recolor them up to 10 times without deteriorating the texture.
Advice: when pre-priming the ceiling and using a suitable wallpaper glue, if necessary, they can be removed easily by simply watering and pulling the edge.